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InterStellar Technologies Corporation
 
Research and Development

The beginnings of InterStellar Technologies Corporation can be traced back to the discovery by company President and CEO, Dr. Fabrizio Pinto, of a Casimir force system that can be exploited to perform an engine cycle able to transform energy from one form to another. This invention shattered the long held opinion, sometimes still found in the literature, that it is not possible to design an engine cycle based upon the Casimir force. Progress from this initial theoretical thrust phase has been rapid. Decisive progress has taken place in such areas as research on characterizing and modeling Casimir force devices candidate for commercialization to the deeper issues of fundamental quantum vacuum engineering. InterStellar Technologies has greatly enhanced its highly technical know-how and intellectual property portfolio and, more recently, the company has commenced a very aggressive, in-house experimental research program.

1. A typical Casimir system
2. The Transvacer™ device: A true Casimir force engine
3. Molding the quantum vacuum
4. Entering the Experimental Arena
5. Our future progress will become our cherished company history

In this section, we offer a fish-eye view of R&D progress at InterStellar Technologies Corporation since its inception in 1999. The purpose of what follows is not to provide the most up-to-date information available, but to show the path we have followed so far in different areas to fulfill the main mission of our R&D effort, that is, to bring our first profitable products to the commercial arena within the shortest possible time.

1. A typical Casimir system

InterStellar Technologies Corporation arose from the understanding that dispersion forces can be tooled to carry out specific technological tasks on a variety of scales that would be difficult, impractical, or impossible to carry out by other means.

Theoretical developments by many authors accumulated from the middle of the twentieth century on had showed that the Casimir force between two surfaces separated by a gap depends on a variety of parameters, including their mutual distance, their shape, optical properties, and absolute temperature. Therefore, since its inception, InterStellar Technologies undertook a focused effort to deepen our understanding of how such parameters, as well as any others, can be exploited to eventually allow for the commercialization of devices based upon the use of Casimir forces.

The schematization of the action between two surfaces due to the Casimir force is very typically given by two parallel, infinite planes with assigned optical properties facing one another at a given distance. A system of this type can be referred to as a Casimir system. Since quantum-electro-dynamics shows that a mutual force exists between two such surfaces, it is certainly reasonable to conclude that one could cause such interaction to do work. However, since the force at a given distance cannot be altered in this simple scheme, it is impossible to use this system to perform a cycle, such as that of a cylinder engine.

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2. The Transvacer™ device: A true Casimir force engine

Dr. Pinto's initial ideas in this field, first appeared in print in 1999, showed that, by modulating the Casimir force, one could in fact use a Casimir system to perform an engine cycle to transform, for instance, optical energy into mechanical energy or electrical energy. The term TRANSVACER™ (TRANSducer of VACuum enERgy) device was introduced by Dr. Pinto to describe a Casimir system that can carry out an engine cycle of this type. This groundbreaking discovery was of paramount importance in the history of InterStellar Technologies Corporation, since it shattered the long held belief (occasionally still found in contemporary specialized and popular literature) that the Casimir force could not be used in a full thermodynamical cycle.

In these very initial studies, great emphasis was placed at InterStellar Technologies upon accuracy in the modeling and realism in the description of the physical parameters characterizing the process of energy transformation from one form to another. For this reason, and despite the highly intensive computations required, the calculations of the Casimir force in this initial effort were undertaken by making use of the best data available at the time and practically eliminating all analytical approximations in the calculations of the Casimir force typically used until that time.

Just as in the case of any other thermodynamical engine, there are of course many possible implementations of the TRANSVACER™ device, which have been the focus of intense research at InterStellar Technologies. For instance, one can implement a Casimir system engine cycle to transform thermal or optical energy into mechanical or electrical energy.

One further item of great interest that emerged since the very beginning of theoretical activities at InterStellar Technologies is that, in some regimes, it is apparently possible to transform energy associated to the zero-point-field itself into some other form, such as mechanical or electrical energy. That is, the energy output of any TRANSVACER™ device is not necessarily equal to its input in the form of, for instance, thermal or optical energy, but it also contains a term due to the energy of the zero-point-field. Although this finding does not appear to violate any accepted conservation law, if confirmed, its implications would of course be of paramount importance in the area of energy production.

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3. Molding the quantum vacuum

Since these initial and most exciting discoveries, progress at InterStellar Technologies Corporation has rapidly taken place in all main areas of R&D thrust. For instance, we have been characterizing and refining our theoretical models of prototype devices based upon the TRANSVACER™ device concept, especially in our four areas of potential commercial applicability of the concept. We are continually providing answers to such questions as: how is the TRANSVACER™ device better than other thermodynamical engines at carrying out specific tasks? In what areas will the TRANSVACER™ device be the clear technological winner in the short term? How can we vastly improve the predicted performance of the candidate devices we are studying?

However, even more fundamental than applications research of our proprietary know-how to commercially viable devices is the progress made towards developing the present and future of quantum vacuum engineering itself. In order to appreciate the importance of such results, consider as a hypothetical example the technological limitations one would have to face if all piston engine models had approximately the same efficiency, power, and torque. If all engines had to be as large and powerful as those of a typical World War II fighter, how could one use them in small utility vehicles? If they could not be larger or more powerful than those in a moped, how could they realistically be used in a large ship? Evidently such lack of flexibility and room for improvement would have severely limited applicability of this great invention to our daily lives.

In order to open an ever-broadening range of potential applications to the Casimir engine approach, it is of critical importance that dispersion forces become a much more flexible technological tool than in any experiment carried out so far in this field. With this premise in mind, InterStellar Technologies Corporation has in the last three years made great strides towards the ultimate goal to gain the understanding needed to mold the quantum vacuum in much the same way as humans learned how to cast iron tools at the end of the Bronze Age. For this reason, we believe we can now contemplate applications of dispersion forces that would not have been realistic just a few years ago.

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4. Entering the Experimental Arena


Hand in hand with our theoretical and intellectual property thrusts, we have also seen our experimental activities develop explosively. Whereas the company initially centered upon the development of new theoretical concepts to become part of our intellectual property portfolio, we have more recently launched a very aggressive experimentation program directed at supporting our ultimate commercialization goals.

InterStellar Technologies Corporation now operates a full-featured, safe, professionally run laboratory where to test our original ideas in Casimir force research. From precision machining to CCD imaging, from vacuum testing to very high-speed data collection and interpretation, we now carry out continuous, highly relevant in-house research to support our ultimate commercialization goals.

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5. Our future progress will become our cherished company history


Born out of a dream that could propel humankind to land in other solar systems, InterStellar Technologies Corporation has been relentlessly pursuing its theoretical and intellectual property thrusts to commercialize its concepts here on planet Earth. These revolutionary ideas are now being put to the test on the benches of our own experimental start-up facility.

In much the same way as our early days spent pondering on the intuition of an immense, untapped potential have been replaced by the confident rush of organized scientific, engineering, legal, and marketing activities, so we also have a vision for our future progress. In fact, we firmly believe that the time is fast approaching when our central goal - to bring our first profitable products to the commercial arena within the shortest possible time - will also be part of InterStellar Technologies' glorious beginnings...and a model for the great future of our company.

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