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A typical piston engine works because one can control the pressure of the gases inside the cylinders via an engine cycle that includes igniting gasoline vapors. In order to use the Casimir force for technological purposes, one must similarly be able to control the intensity of such force. A device invented by Dr. Pinto at InterStellar Technologies Corporation achieves this goal and it allows one to design engine cycles that make use of the Casimir force. Such device is referred to as the TRANSVACER™ (TRANSducer of VACuum enERgy) device and it is based upon proprietary Casimir force control technologies developed as part of the R&D program at InterStellar Technologies. The TRANSVACER™ device represents a winning engineering strategy because it offers several remarkable advantages over naively attempting to implement traditional technologies on the micro- and nanotechnology scales.

To use a force in technology, one must be able to control it
The TRANSVACER™ device as a quantum engine
Strengths of the TRANSVACER™ device over traditional technologies
Areas of emphasis of Theoretical R&D at InterStellar Technologies

To use a force in technology, one must be able to control it

In order to employ a specific force to carry out a technological task, it must be possible to manipulate such force, possibly in both space and time. For instance, one can obtain the desired amount of thrust from the wind to push a sailboat towards a particular direction by appropriately orienting the sail to the apparent direction of the wind, by increasing or decreasing the area of the sail exposed to the pressure of the wind, and by navigating along an appropriate route with respect to the wind. Evidently, if the pressure of the wind on the sail could in no way be manipulated in both intensity and direction, carrying out a round trip under steady winds by sailboat would be quite impracticable.

If one develops the concept of force control to a higher degree of sophistication, it is possible to show how to transform, for instance, the chemical energy stored in gasoline into mechanical energy of motion of an automobile by appropriately increasing and decreasing the pressure and the volume of gas in the cylinders through a cyclic process. Such process is referred to as an engine cycle. Once the engine shaft is turning, one can further determine the rotational speed of the wheels and the torque they apply to the contact point on the road by acting on the gears. Finally, the direction of motion of the car is determined, for instance, by aligning the front wheels as desired.

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The TRANSVACER™ device as a quantum vacuum engine

The starting point of R&D activities at InterStellar Technologies Corporation was the discovery by Dr. Pinto of an engine cycle that allows dispersion forces to be used to transform, for instance, electromagnetic radiation or heat into mechanical or electrical energy. Dr. Pinto named Casimir force-based devices that make use of such engine cycles Transvacer™ (TRANSducers of VACuum enERgy) devices. The Transvacer™ device represented the theoretical solution to the very well known problem that, although one could easily conceive to transform zero-point-energy into, for instance, mechanical or electrical energy, no Casimir force-based engine cycle could be devised if one assumed a constant Casimir force.

Dr. Pinto's work not only proved that an engine cycle can be built by making use of Casimir forces, but his extremely detailed calculations, which made use of the most up-to-date spectral data available at the time, also yielded important details on the basic and applied physics of this process. One of the most stimulating results of this initial effort was the proof that one can, in principle, build an engine that is not dissimilar from any other engine, but in which the zero-point-energy field is manipulated by means of radiation or heat instead of the gas pressure in the typical cylinders being altered by exploding gasoline.

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Strengths of the TRANSVACER™ device over traditional technologies

This is extremely important from the standpoint of technological applications of the Casimir force, since attempts to replicate typical chemical and electrical engines at the micro- and nano-technology scales have faced substantial difficulties in recent years. Although the creativity of microelectromechanical system engineers has allowed for great strides in the design of microengines, one cannot help concluding that the concepts behind macroscopic machines probably cannot be applied to arbitrarily small scales.

Although it is certainly possible to attempt to manufacture microscopic electric motors, nature is clearly telling us that, as size decreases, simply attempting to fabricate smaller and smaller implementations of what works in our everyday life in the end will be neither possible nor logical and an entirely new concept is needed. The Transvacer™ device is such revolutionary concept -- one that InterStellar Technologies Corporation is pursuing as the winning technological answer to the growing demand for a truly efficient and highly versatile energy conversion and actuation concept for the world of micromachines.

Among the winning advantages of the Transvacer™ device approach, one can mention the following examples: (1) Transvacer™-device-based engines do not need electrical power to output mechanical energy - they can be, for instance, entirely light-driven; (2) since no electrical current is involved, the efficiencies of Transvacer™ devices are expected to be much higher than their typical electrical or chemical counterparts; (3) since the processes that are expected to be exploited to achieve Casimir force manipulation take place within the structure of the Transvacer™ device itself, reaction speeds are expected to be much higher than those in conventional microstructures.

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Areas of emphasis of Theoretical R&D at InterStellar Technologies

Theoretical Casimir force research at InterStellar Technologies Corporation is directed at supporting the goal to manipulate and control such force for a variety of technological applications and with a variety of means. Areas of emphasis are:

1. Casimir force modulation;
2. Repulsive Casimir force;
3. Lateral Casimir force;
4. Casimir force amplification
5. Energy issues in relation to the quantum vacuum.

The theoretical know-how acquired in our company is then exploited to model devices of potential commercial use in our four areas of main application focus: aerospace, microactuation, telecommunications, and medicine.

In addition to the more ordinary theoretical research in this field, some resources are also allocated to the more speculative questions of possible net energy transfer from the zero-point-energy field because of their immense potential to contribute to the energy problem, if confirmed. Although this research is certainly less likely to yield commercial devices in the short term, one by-product of its pursuit is the greatly increased overall practical understanding of the real performance of the Transvacer™ device, as also demonstrated by Dr. Pinto's published research.

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